MAKAROV

MAKAROV
MAKAROV, town in Kiev district, Ukraine. Jews were first mentioned in 1721, and in 1765, 217 Jews were counted there as paying poll tax. Jews were occupied in leasing and trade in alcoholic beverages. The Jewish community had grown to 848 in 1847. During the 1840s, R. Nahum twersky , the grandson of Menahem Nahum the Maggid of chernobyl , established his court in Makarov and the town became a center of Ḥasidism. The number of Jews had risen to 3,953 (c. 75% of the total population) in 1897. From the second half of the 19th century there existed within the town boundaries a Jewish farm colony with 32 families, but it was destroyed during the Civil War. Most of the shops were in Jewish hands. On July 6, 1919, a band of peasants invaded the town and looted it for eight days, also killing a few Jews. On August 15–18 the Matveenko band killed 20 Jews and looted and burned down 20 shops. When this was followed in September of the same year by a pogrom which claimed over 100 victims, perpetrated by the soldiers of denikin 's army, the Jewish population left for kiev and other towns in the vicinity. Only 152 Jews remained in Makarov in 1923. Some returned and in 1926 there were 585 (out of a total population of 2,943). In the 1930s many left for bigger cities, and in 1939 there were 269 Jews (out of a total of 3,368). Makarov was occupied by the Germans on July 10, 1941, and after a while 100 Jews were executed. The others hid but were found and 149 Jews were taken to Kiev and murdered, probably in Babi Yar. In 1970 the Jewish population was estimated at about 150 (30 families). The synagogue was unused, having been closed down by the authorities. (Yehuda Slutsky / Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Makarov PM — Una pistola Makarov PM. Tipo Pistola semiautomática. País de origen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Makarov — (surname) Russian surname Contents 1 Places 2 Notable people 3 Other 4 See also Places …   Wikipedia

  • Makárov — Makárov, Stepan Ossipowitsch, russ. Vizeadmiral und Hydrograph, geb. 1846 in Nikolajewsk (am Amur), war 1895 während des Chines. Japan. Kriegs Kommandant des russ. Geschwaders in Ostasien, 1896 der 1. balt. Flotte; 1904 im Kriege gegen Japan zum… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Makarov PM — Infobox Weapon name= Makarov PM caption=Makarov PM origin=flagcountry|Soviet Union type=Semi automatic pistol is ranged=yes service= used by=Soviet Union, East Germany, Albania, Bulgaria, China, Cambodia, Estonia, Latvia, Vietnam wars= Soviet war …   Wikipedia

  • Makarov —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Patronymes Makarov (masculin ; Макаров) ou Makarova (féminin ; Макарова), également Makaroff (transcription désuète), est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Makarov PM — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Makarov. Le Makarov PM Le Makarov PM (en russe : Писто …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MAKAROV — RUSSIA (see also List of Individuals) 8.3.1849 Nikolayev/RU 13.4.1904 Port Arthur/RU Stepan Osipovich Makarov graduated in 1865 from the Saint Petersburg Naval School. Assigned to the Black Sea fleet in 1876 as commander of a steamer, he… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

  • Makarov — Original name in latin Makarov Name in other language Higashishirutoru, Higasisirutoru, MAKAROV, Makarov, Shiritori, Shiritoru, Shirutoru, Siritoru, Sirutoru, МАКАРОВ, Макаров State code RU Continent/City Asia/Sakhalin longitude 48.62698 latitude …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Makarov (surname) — Makarov (Russian: Макаров) Russian surname that originated from the given name Makar, meaning, happy or blessed in Greek. It is the 29th most common Russian surname. Other surnames have originated from the same given name: Makarikhin, Makarkin,… …   Wikipedia

  • Makarov (Hasidic dynasty) — Makarov is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by the Rebbe Menachem Nochum Twerski of the Chernobyl dynasty. Makarov is the Yiddish name of Makariv, a town in present day Ukraine. Lineage Rebbe Menachem Nochum Twerski of Makarov (1805–1851),… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”